by Mike Jones, retired engineer
Building construction is responsible for a massive 40% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.
Given that about 80% of the 40% of the emissions come from buildings in use, Orillia home-owners can make a big difference towards sustainability and mitigating climate warming by retrofitting their homes to reduce such emissions.
In addition to reducing emissions, retrofitting saves energy and energy costs. Done properly, it can also result in healthier homes and increased home comfort—not to mention the value added to the property because of the improvements.
How do these retrofits work? Basically, by reducing the heat loss from your house in the winter, and reducing the heat gain in the summer. In other words, using less energy to warm your house in the winter and cool it in the summer.
The measure of such gains and losses is something called an R-value.
What are R-values? These often mystify people. A simplified explanation: the R-value is a measure of the amount of heat lost through a wall, roof or window, ranging from R1 (a great amount of heat lost) to R100 (no heat loss). A single pane of glass has roughly an R value of 1 which is not good. Single-pane windows mean lots of money in heating bills and cause windows to develop frost and condensation. Double-glazing, with two panes of glass, can have an R-value of 2+ which does not seem a lot more, but does decrease heat loss by 50% which is obviously significant. The two panes of glass also eliminate frost and condensation.
One can achieve good R-values in an existing home using modern foam insulation which has an R-value of about 7.3 per inch. For example, when applied between 2X4 studs, insulation can provide a wall with R-25, and, as a bonus, a built-in vapour barrier. In addition, the process adds a good measure of structural stability to the overall construction.
Upgrading insulation, double-glazing (or even triple-glazing) windows, and ensuring tight vapour barriers and seals around doors results in increased R-values—less heat loss in the winter and a cooler home in the summer.
What else can be done? The installation of modern heating units such as air-to-air heat exchangers for warmth and cooling. An air-to-air heat exchanger works on the same principle as your kitchen refrigerator; the fridge cools the air inside the appliance by extracting the heat from inside and expelling it to the outside of the fridge. In a heat exchanger, this process can be, and is, reversed, extracting heat from outdoors to warm the house in winter or, like the fridge, to cool your home in summer.
Phasing out and replacing old, inefficient appliances and light sources benefit the homeowner by reducing energy demand and costs and providing a healthier home environment.
There are financial incentives for home-owners and renters:
1. The SaveOnEnergy Energy Affordability Program of the IESO (Independent Electricity System Operator of Ontario, a non-profit organization created by the Ontario Government in 1998)) provides support to income-eligible electricity consumers by helping them to lower their monthly electricity costs while increasing their home comfort. Some home-owners or renters may qualify for a free home energy needs assessment conducted by a trained energy professional that will help identify energy-efficient upgrades available for their homes. These upgrades may be installed during or after an in-home visit.
Other participants may qualify instead for free energy-saving kits. These are customized to meet their energy needs and could include energy-saving LED lighting, timers, faucet aerators and/or a clothes drying line.
2. Enbridge Gas customers can get money to improve their home’s energy efficiency. Their Home Efficiency Rebate can provide up to $5,000 in rebates for insulation, air sealing, new windows/doors, water heaters, boilers, furnaces and home energy assessments. Before starting any renovation work, a home energy assessment is required. A registered energy advisor will look at how your home uses energy and tell you which upgrades will help you save – and how they work together. If you complete at least two of the recommended upgrades, you’ll get money back. Qualifying applicants can even get a rebate to offset the cost of the initial energy audit.
A postscript: Incentives are also available for small businesses, multi-residential and industrial buildings. Businesses can qualify for either of two programs, Save On Energy’s Retrofit Program or its Energy Performance Program. The 2021 Save On Energy Retrofit Program, according to their website, has been updated and is focussed on helping businesses “save on energy costs and increase competitiveness by offering an expanded list of predefined energy-saving measures, faster application review processing, and quicker incentive payments.” New incentive measures are available under three streams of equipment: lighting, HVAC, and manufacturing and other equipment. These incentivized measures focus on the most commonly used products and technologies. Please see the complete list of measures and incentives on the website, and visit the Contact us page to get in touch with a Save on Energy Representative.