According to Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), it’s worth putting some time into researching your choice. Fuel consumption can range from less than 2.0 gasoline litres equivalent per 100 km (Le/100 km) for a Battery-Electric Vehicle to more than 20.0 litres per 100 km (L/100 km) for a large SUV. This can result in a considerable difference in operating costs. Driving 20,000 km a year can cost from less than $300 to more than $4,000 while carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions can range from 0 to more than 9 tonnes per year depending on the vehicle you choose to buy.
Battery-Electric Vehicles (BEV) use electric motors that draw electricity from on-board rechargeable batteries. They are the most fuel-efficient vehicles available, with an average combined consumption rating of 2.3 Le/100 km. BEVs produce no tailpipe emissions.
Electric-drive motors are much more efficient than combustion engines and drive trains. The efficiency of energy conversion from on-board storage to turning the wheels is nearly five times greater for electricity than gasoline, at approximately 76% and 16%, respectively.
Regenerative braking Electric Vehicles also increase a vehicle’s efficiency by using regenerative braking technology to recover energy that would otherwise have been lost. Energy is fed back into the batteries as the brakes are applied.
The cost of electricity per kilometre is much lower than that of gasoline: a BEV costs about 2 to 3 ¢/km (at 13 ¢/kWh), compared to a typical 4-cylinder gasoline vehicle at 7 to 8 ¢/km (at $1.00/L).
Adoption of BEVs can help Canada to meet greenhouse gas emission targets by reducing transportation emissions by as much as 95%.
Try this useful tool from NRCanada to compare fuel consumption of electric vehicles with conventional vehicles to identify the most fuel-efficient vehicle that meets your everyday needs by comparing the fuel consumption information of different models.
To help compare apples (electric) to oranges (gas) this tool uses:
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